Use the Oil Separator for mixed-in oils!
Oil does not float in your process fluids, but mixes or emulsifies? This is often the case in washing and degreasing processes, where the washing water is often highly turbulent due to high pump capacities or immersion processes.
Unfortunately, oil skimmers do not provide a remedy here. Instead, the Oil Separator must be used, since it first calms the medium in a bypass flow.
The solution from Friess – The Oil Separator Skimmtelligent
Our Skimmtelligent calms the bypass flow so that heavy particles sink to the bottom and the oil droplets in turn rise to the surface. To improve the separation behavior of oil and fluid, coalescers are used which combine small oil droplets to form large droplets, thus increasing buoyancy. The floating oil is prevented from flowing further thanks to a baffle, while the cleaned fluid flows underneath it and back into the tank.
Conventional Oil Separators separate the oil by means of overflow processes, such as spilling over a separating edge. However, since this is usually extremely unreliable and error-prone, the Friess Skimmtelligent also uses the Friess oil skimmer Model 1U. This removes the oil and thus prevents operating errors.
The advantages at a glance:
The operation of an oil separator is based on different density ratios between a volatile liquid such as mineral oils, petrol and another medium such as water. The lighter oil or petrol collects on the water’s surface due to buoyancy and can be separated from the liquid.
The Skimmtelligent separator from FRIESS settles the water in the bypass stream so that the smallest oil particles, which would otherwise partially form an emulsion with the water, can settle and rise to the surface. To further increase the separation behaviour of oil and water, coalescence elements (coalescence = bringing together of separated substances) ensure that the smallest oil particles combine and thus the volatile liquids increase their bouyancy. At the surface, the floating volatile liquids are now picked up by an integrated tube skimmer so that they are removed as soon as they rise to the water’s surface. This prevents too much oil from accumulating in the separator, which could lead to oil being carried away in the liquid flow of the separator. Heavy particles such as dirt are already removed in the preliminary stage by settling. In the case of metallic contaminants, a FRIESS magnetic filter can be integrated as an option.
Friess Skimmtelligent separators are mobile and can therefore be used to concurrently keep various systems free of oil.
During the machining of metal components, tramp oil in various forms is always introduced into the coolant. If this tramp oil floats up in the coolant tanks, it is often removed with oil skimmers. In the design and planning of new lubrication systems, the trend is to make the tanks as compact as possible in order to make its footprint as small as possible. This means that the coolant in the tank is always turbulent because the pump capacity is very high compared to the volume of the tank. This prevents tramp oil from settling on the surface, in which case an oil skimmer is ineffective.
In order for the tramp oil to rise, the coolant must be able to settle. An oil separator in a bypass connection does precisely that. The coolant is settled, the oil can rise and is then removed. In addition, any sludge carried along can settle in the sludge trap. Clean coolant then flows back into the coolant tank for further use.
Washing processes are used in various manufacturing processes to remove oil and particles from components. The oil that needs to be removed from workpieces with a washing fluid is often discharged from the system when the wash fluid is replaced. Treatment of the washing liquid rarely takes place. Continuous removal of the oil with an oil separator leads to considerably lower operating costs due to a significantly longer service life of the washing liquid. In order to maintain the washing effect of the washing liquid, treatment is necessary.
Washing water basins are often very turbulent. This prevents tramp oil from settling on the surface and sludge from settling on the bottom. Parts of the tramp oil and sludge are unnoticed in the liquid. To remove the “hidden” impurities, the liquid must first be settled so that the oil can rise and the sludge can settle in the sludge trap. This separates the washing liquid from oil and dirt and extends the service life.
An oil separation system is often equated with a degreasing system. However, one has nothing to do with the other. A degreasing system is used for degreasing workpieces, not to degrease wastewater or degreasing agents. However, oil separators and oil skimmers are usually used in the treatment of degreasing agents. Oil separators therefore only increase the service life of the degreasing agent or the washing water and this leads to considerable cost savings in the operating costs of a degreasing plant.
In order for liquids to be discharged into the sewage system, municipal regulations must be complied with. To find out which regulations are complied with and what measures are required to comply with them, contact your local municipality. However, oil separators are standard in the pre-treatment of wastewater, as these reduce the contamination load of wastewater, making it easier to meet those regulations.
Especially if there are various small basins in which tramp oil collects, it is not economical to install an oil separator or oil skimmer at each basin. Irrespective of the higher investment requirement this entails, it is often not technically possible or sensible to equip every coolant tank or washing system with a separator.
For such cases, mobile oil separators are designed that can be moved from system to system and put into operation there in a few simple steps. It is important here that the separator’s pump is self-priming in order to make commissioning at a new tank as simple as possible.
In the standard version, all Friess oil separators are designed as mobile oil separators. On request, we are also able to design them as stationary units.
By using a mobile oil separator you are able to extend the service life of process fluids. By treating the fluid, the desired result is maintained for longer and negative effects on the process can be avoided.
Due to the increased service life of the process fluids, they are disposed of less frequently, which on the one hand results in a reduction of disposal costs, and on the other hand process fluids such as cooling lubricants or degreasing agents have to be purchased less frequently. The extent of this reduction depends on the actual condition and the amount of tramp oil previously introduced.
Oil skimmers and oil separators are used in different applications and are therefore not directly comparable. Although both have the same goal: to remove oil from another liquid, they act in a fundamentally different way. An oil skimmer is usually used where oil is already floating on the fluid’s surface. This floating oil can then be easily removed with the oil skimmer.
Oil separators are often used to remove oils that are not yet floating. Due to the settling of the water in the separator, often enhanced by a coalescence process, free oil droplets have the opportunity to rise to the surface and are then retained by means of a partition wall. Thus, an oil separator is used where an oil skimmer cannot be used, i.e. where little to no oil is floating.
You can find more information on how oil skimmers work and their areas of application here.
For more than 50 years, FRIESS has been producing systems and equipment for the treatment of wastewater and process fluids. The product range includes oil separators, oil skimmers, magnetic filters, electrostatic oil cleaning systems and other sophisticated technologies. Made in Germany and already in use with many satisfied customers. Buying from the manufacturer FRIESS offers many advantages.
Various parameters must be considered before the right oil separator can be determined. These include the fluid, temperature, liquid volume, oil ingress, etc. You can find a questionnaire that covers all the relevant points here. Before buying an oil separator, it is important to take stock of your situation in order to be able to assess which requirements must be met.
This offers the advantage that structural measures are unnecessary in most cases and many tanks or systems can be de-oiled with an oil separator.
You need an oil separator? No problem! A consultation is completely free. Just approach us and we will help you answer your questions and help you find the best solution for your use case. We will be happy to advise you on all your questions by telephone or e-mail.
You need a spare part or have questions about our Skimmtelligent? Service is very important to us and satisfied customers are what we strive for.